Drug law in India
Many messages are delivered by the Ministry of Welfare, Narcotics Control Bureau, and every man of importance to the deluded youth of India. “Life is a precious gift, So don’t waste it on any type of drugs“; “Say ‘no’ to drugs and ‘yes’ to life”; “drug abuse is life abuse”; “born free, live free”.
As we sleep in the 21st century, nobody is oblivious to the term “drug”. So, what a drug is? A drug may be a chemical substance related to distinct psychological and physical effects. It alters a person’s normal bodily processes or functions. Well, in medical parlance, a drug may be a substance prescribed by a physician for curing and preventing disease and ailment by its chemical nature.
Here is the perfect definition of a drug from the sociological and psychological contexts. In this context, a drug is a term for a habit-forming substance that directly affects the brain or nervous system. It is a chemical substance that affects the bodily process, perception or consciousness which has the potential for misuse, and which can be harmful to the society and the individual person. ”Continuous uses of any kind of medicine is taken into account an excessive amount of danger that at worse it can cause death. Most importantly it is also considered immoral, anti-social and against laws of any country.
Drug abuse is the use of an illicit drug or misuse of legitimate drugs resulting in psychological or physical harm. Smoking hashish or ganja, taking heroin or cocaine or LSD, injecting morphine are included. These are sometimes mentioned as being ‘high on speed’ or ‘trip’ or ‘getting kicks.’ according to United Nation reports, 1,000,000 heroin addicts are registered in India and unofficially there are five million. Three states in India (Mizoram, Punjab, and Manipur) use drugs most. Punjab accounted for nearly half the registered cases under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act in 2013. Heroin, Cannabis, and opium are the foremost frequently abused drugs in India.
India might suffer from critical issues like rape, corruption or bribery to affect quite a substance abuse. Still, during this height of urbanization and globalization, there are many nations who have succumbed to drugs so as to measure a “high life.” It’s just a matter of time that substance abuse might end up being one of the sensitive and anxious matters in India.
The two major drug laws which may prevent the utilization of medicine are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and thus the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985). The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (NDPS) came into force on 14th November 1985 and amended in 1987 to tighten the noose around the traffickers. This Act was formulated with the purpose of making drugs illegal and any person mishandling such substances would be given rigorous punishment as per the NDPS Act. One of the reasons behind the NDPS Act coming into force is the international treaty the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs which was drafted in 1961.
The 1985 NDPS Act mentioned the various narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, the guidelines for using such substances judiciously, the Prevention, Regulation, and Control of such substances and the powers of the Central and State Governments. This Act also states the punishment which is the rigorous punishment of 10 years and a fine of Rs. 1 lakh which can be extended to twenty years of rigorous punishment of Rs. 2 lakhs. In respect of repeat offenses, the Act provides for a minimum punishment of 15 years imprisonment extendible up to 30 years and also a minimum fine of Rs. 1.5 lakh. The Act relates to drug addicts also. It lays down imprisonment of 1 year or fine or both for illegal possession for personal consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance.
It also empowers the court to release a lover for undergoing medical treatment from a hospital recognized by the govt. This Act has been amended 3 times – in 1988, 2001 and 2014. Moreover, the 2014 amendment mentioned a number of “essential narcotic drugs.” Another Act for the prevention of narcotic drugs is “The Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 1966” In the year 1966 Act was Passed by the parliament of India. It was enabled for the enforcement of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985.
The drug is too dangerous for humanity. Drugs pose complex problems for enforcement agencies, while drug traffickers and mafias play havoc with the social organization of our country by wielding enormous power with illegal wealth. Since 1991, June 26 is observed per annum as International Day against substance abuse and Illicit Trafficking to make awareness among drug abusers also as those that are engaged in waging war against drugs.
It is an illicit use of a chemical substance which is very injurious to health.
NCB is that the nodal drug enforcement and intelligence of India liable for fighting drug traffic and therefore the abuse of illegal substances.
A drug named lysergic acid diethylamide
Prepared in a concise or systematic way
Addition to improving a piece of legislation
Refer to section 121 of the Indian legal code, 1860