The Tour de France is a prestigious multistage bike race that takes place annually in France and sometimes the surrounding countries.
There have been four cyclists who have won the Tour five times:
Jacques Anquetil of France (1957 and 1961-1964)
Eddy Merckx of Belgium (1969-1972 and 1974)
Bernard Hinault of France (1978-1979, 1981-1982, and 1985)
Miguel Indurain of Spain (1991-1995), the first competitor to win five consecutive races.
France has won more times than any other country (36).
The winner of the race is the person with the overall shortest accumulated time.
Ten, six and four second bonuses are awarded to the top three riders at the end of road stages, excluding the individual and team time trials.
There are two rest days.
GREEN — “maillot vert” — Worn by the points classification leader. Points are awarded for intermediate and final sprints on flat terrain.
WHITE — “maillot blanc” — Worn by the Tour’s best rider aged 25 and younger.
1903 – Henri Desgrange, a reporter and cyclist, creates the Tour de France.
1903 – Maurice Garin of France is the first cyclist to win the race.
1910 – First time the race goes through the Pyrenees.
1989 – Greg Lemond defeats Laurent Fignon by eight seconds, the smallest margin of victory in the race’s history.
1999-2005 – Armstrong wins seven times in a row.
September 20, 2007 – Landis, winner of the 2006 Tour de France, is stripped of his title when an arbitration panel rules in favor of the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). Landis, the first Tour de France winner stripped of the title, initially maintained his innocence but later admitted to doping and accused others, including Armstrong, of doing the same.
October 22, 2012 – The International Cycling Union announces that Armstrong is being stripped of his Tour de France titles and is being banned from professional cycling for life.
October 26, 2012 – The International Cycling Union announces that no one will be declared the winner of the Tour de France from 1999-2005, after Armstrong is stripped of his titles.